The State of Texas licenses two types of land surveyors pursuant to the Professional Land Surveying Practices Act (Occupations Code-Title 6, Subtitle C. Regulation of Land Surveying and Related Practices, Chapter 1071).
A Registered Professional Land Surveyor (RPLS) is a person licensed to practice land, boundary, or property surveying or other similar professional practices.
A Licensed State Land Surveyor (LSLS) is a surveyor licensed to determine the location or relocation of original land grant boundaries and corners, and to prepare field note descriptions of land in which the state or permanent school fund has an interest.
The Texas Natural Resources Code, Section 33.135, indicates that real property adjoining the tidally influenced submerged land of the state (costal area property) can be determined accurately only by a survey on the ground made by a Licensed State Land Surveyor (LSLS). Section 33.136 specifies that a person may not undertake an action on or immediately landward of a public beach or submerged land, relating to erosion response that will cause or contribute to shoreline alteration before the person has conducted and filed a coastal boundary survey. The General Land Office requires that these surveys be made by Licensed State Land Surveyor (LSLS).
Throughout the state, in both rural and urban areas, there exists a portion of land called “vacancy” that have never gone into private ownership and defined as unsurveyed public school land that is not in conflict on the ground with land previously titled. In cases where the area of a tract of land titled or patented exceeds the quantity called for in the title or patent, an owner can file an application with the General Land Office to purchase “excess” acreage and obtain a Deed of Acquaintance. In each of these situations it is necessary to file a survey and field notes prepared by Licensed State Land Surveyor (LSLS).
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